Fighting pigeons - description of breeds, care, feeding and training

Fighting breed of pigeons: varieties, description

There are about 800 breeds of pigeons all over the world, which are divided into two groups: domestic and wild. The former, in turn, are divided into meat, sports (postal), flight (racing) and decorative. Fighting pigeons, which will be discussed, belong to the flight subgroup. In addition, they also have a number of other features: unpretentiousness in food and maintenance, as well as a beautiful appearance.

  • Fighting pigeons also have the following advantages:
  • The ability to stay in the sky for a long time;
  • strength and endurance;
  • good orientation on the ground, which allows them to quickly find their way to the house;
  • Possessing a unique style of flight, performing somersaults.

In addition to the fact that these beauties stage such fascinating performances in the air, they are also excellent parents: they hatch their offspring with great love and care, and then carefully look after them.

There are the following varieties of fighting pigeons:

  • Thurmans;
  • Chile;
  • Blagodarnensky;
  • Armavir;
  • Krasnodar;
  • Baku hryvnia;
  • Uzbek, etc.

Types of fighting pigeons

Persian (Iranian)

The most popular and widespread type is Persian. Its second name is Tehran.

The Persian is also called the milknose because of its short beak, which especially stands out in the photo. Short-billed animals are held in special esteem in Russia. They are prized by bird lovers and connoisseurs of the world. This individual has an elegant structure and is distinguished by its external beauty. The color is varied and stands out from a bird's eye view, so this breed is often compared to a hawk. Short-billed fighting flying pigeons Persians will decorate any collection and will take part in exhibitions.

Iranian species - Headed, Cheeked. Their appearance as a whole is no different from other species. The only peculiarity is the feathering on the legs and the pattern on the head and cheeks, which is why individuals are sometimes called tadpoles. In the air they are slow and calm. Iranian pigeons cannot do without going out into the pillar. The fight of these birds is unusual and easily recognizable; it is recorded for several seconds, and the sound can be heard at any height. The flight lasts quite a long time, sometimes about 10 hours.

Southern pigeons

The North Caucasian species is widespread in the Krasnodar region. Krasnodar fighting pigeons, or North Caucasian Molokans, amaze with the brightness of their colors. Caucasians have an incredible variety of species: white-throated, colored, white-bearded, white-headed kosmachi. Krasnodar, or North Caucasian fighting pigeons, can have different crests or beak lengths, as well as different degrees of leg feathering.

Black-tailed, red-tailed and yellow-tailed fighting varieties also belong to the Caucasian pigeons. Yellow and black combine the qualities of decorative and flying species. Black and marbled ones look beautiful in flight, especially if they are broad-tailed individuals. Black Caucasian, or fighting pigeons of Chile, are popular both in their homeland and in Russia. The variety of Chile is also called Baku.

In Armavir in the 17th century, the Armavir white-headed kosmachi were first bred and later described. Just at this time, winged birds with plumage of various colors appeared on the territory of Stavropol. Such birds were used for selection, and the result was the Armavir White-headed. There are 4 subspecies of this breed, which are characterized by a slender figure, a thin beak and beautiful plumage that shimmers and glitters in the sun.

Leninakan pigeons

The Leninakan bird variety is especially valued by professionals and breeders from Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Russia. Leninakan pigeons are miniature individuals. Even when the birds are at a decent distance from the ground, the characteristic sound of wings clicking is heard during flight. This species is considered freedom-loving, and therefore should not be kept in a cage.

When transporting birds over long distances, they should be accustomed to being in a cage in advance.

What is special about fighting pigeons?

Pigeon breeders value fighting pigeons above all other breeds. This decorative subspecies stands out from its peers with the following features:

  • Each flapping of the wings is accompanied by a loud click - it seems as if the birds are knocking on the air.
  • Birds can tumble - this is a difficult trick, not available to every breed.
  • Capable of climbing to great heights. When they go into the pillar, the birds simply disappear - it is impossible to see them. They rise to a height of up to 1.5 km.
  • They can fly without a break for several hours. Typically, continuous flight time is 3-6 hours. But sometimes pigeons fly without sitting down to rest all day.
  • They can fly in different styles. They change them during the flight, showing the audience a whole performance.
  • They know how to fly in the air, while they flap their wings or do somersaults.
  • Excellent orientation. They remember the location of static objects well. They can fly long distances.
  • Increased endurance, undemanding maintenance and unpretentiousness in nutrition.

Features of rutting birds

Ornithologists call rutting birds that, after being frightened off the roof of a dovecote, that is, they begin to chase (hence the word “rut” in the name), fly into the air. It’s better not to read the description of their summer; you have to see it with your own eyes. The birds rise up and perform peculiar dances in the air. They do this at the beginning of the current - the mating season in birds. While flying, they do somersaults, as if they were playing with each other. For these masterly dances during the flight, racing pigeons also received the nickname “playing”. The flight of fighting birds is somewhat different. They are also able to do somersaults in the air. When taking off, they fly vertically upward (emerging “in a column” up to 15 meters high), spreading their tails wide and striking one wing against the other. At this time, they repeatedly somersault back, as if performing a somersault. Also, the fighting pigeon tumbles not only during takeoff. He does this during the summer.

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The most popular breed of pigeon in Turkey is Takla. The bird is valued for its incredible endurance, as well as the unique play of its wings in the air - for that very famous “fight”. There are many subspecies of Takla fighting pigeons, and all of them are widely popular among breeders.

If you want to shoot a video of fighting pigeons, then choose not this breed, because filming can last more than 10 hours, which is how long the bird can spend in flight. The only disadvantage of a long flight is the regular loss of coordination. Due to her passion for somersaults, she can get lost in space and simply fly down, which is why she injures herself or beats herself to death.

To avoid such problems, breeders strongly recommend training young animals. For training, it is better to choose individuals with dim colors, as they demonstrate higher flight performance. In addition to good training, raising and maintaining this breed will require serious financial investments, so they are not recommended for beginning poultry farmers. It is logical to assume that if a lot of money is spent on caring for such pigeons, then it takes no less effort and time.

Description of the breed

Pigeons are so familiar to us that in everyday life on the city streets we sometimes don’t even notice them. But we assure you that you will no longer be able to ignore this breed. Headed tickles are one of the most beautiful species of pigeons and are the favorite breed of many professional breeders. It's all about their unusual decoration - gray cheeks and beautiful elegant coloring of the head. See photo.

Kavminvodsky bigheads were obtained from tickled pigeons and today they represent a separate branch. The bird developed its breed qualities over the course of 20 years, after which it received a separate status and its main characteristics. It is known that the homeland of these pigeons is Iran and Afghanistan. In general, these birds occupy a special position in culture and belief among many peoples of the world. For example, among Christians, this bird personifies God's grace, peace and friendship. For the Assyrians, the dove is the personification of Queen Semiramis, and for the Jews it is a symbol of love.

Unusual color and appearance

Kavminvodsky head tickled pigeons are valued today not only for their beautiful appearance, but also because they have retained their fighting abilities and flight qualities at the same time. This helps build the body. This breed has a small head with smooth plumage, a medium-sized body, a slender body, quite expressive eyes, a small white-black beak and a regular tail consisting of 12-14 feathers. The legs are mostly devoid of feathers, but there are also representatives “with panties,” which gives the birds a special zest.

A separate topic for conversation is the color of the feathers. Headed tickled pigeons are found both black and gray, but their main color is white with red or yellow spots or specks in the area of ​​the head, forehead, cheeks and sometimes on the body. The color of the plumage on the tail is also different, which, as a rule, is arranged in a herringbone pattern. By the way, the yellow color of the spots is more valued than the red, but these birds are quite rare in our area. Also valuable and quite rare with only one dark head. This is a special bragging point among pigeon fanciers of this breed. By the way, they were brought to Russia relatively recently.

Flight Features

The unique tickle-headed pigeons are popular not only for their coloring, but also for their special way of flying. This bird is very active, their flight is beautiful and long, and they love to somersault in the air up to 20 times in a row. This creates an unusual spectacle. In general, the flight is mostly circular with loud pops. Often these pigeons enter the pillar and then begin to beat their wings loudly.

The flight takes a long time, it can even take up to 8 hours. That is why big-headed ticklings are often called savages. They are difficult to tame; they can fly away at night or not arrive at all for several days. But if he has already returned after his adventures, then we can assume that the bird has already been domesticated. These are the unusual, cheeky, big-headed birds of the Caucasus Mountains of the world!

Origin of fighting pigeons and centers of pigeon breeding

There is an opinion among pigeon breeders that in nature fighting for pigeons is a flaw, a defect, since birds of this kind become easy prey for predators. Pedigree fighting pigeons are bred through artificial selection. Breeds that can somersault and beat their wings were obtained as a result of selection stretched over centuries.

Most pigeon breeds originated from the Middle Eastern region. It was here that the first domesticated pigeons appeared, which were later brought to Europe and America. Today there are several breeding centers for fighting pigeons. Each region has its own priorities in slaughter breeds. Main pigeon breeding centers:

  • Türkiye. It is considered the birthplace of pigeon breeding. Good flyers. Neat body of medium size. Dull plumage.
  • North Caucasus. High flight performance and majestic appearance. North Caucasian fighting pigeons are known throughout the world for their decorative qualities.
  • Asia. The fighting pigeons of the Asian region are based on the Uzbek breed. They are distinguished by a short beak and elegant appearance. A striking example is the magnificent agarans.
  • Azerbaijan. Here little attention was paid to external data; the main emphasis in the breeds was on flight characteristics.
  • Europe. They love fighting breeds, but they don’t have their own – “aboriginal” ones. European pigeon breeders prefer Turkish and Asian breeds.

Fighting breeds

Iranian combatants

Iranian fighting pigeons or curly-haired Persians were domesticated by humans about five thousand years ago. The Persian curly-haired pigeon has small feathers with split ends, which create a curly effect. Private free flights are very important for these birds. The birds have rich plumage of red, dark brown or yellow tones without bluish and brown shades. The head of adult pigeons is rounded with a wide forehead. The beak is medium in length, slightly thickened. The body of the birds is elongated, the chest is wide. Thick feathers at least 2 centimeters long grow on the legs. There are lines of birds that have a forelock.

Persian fighting

The Persian or Tehran breed is more reminiscent of a hawk than the well-known sizar. This subspecies has a variety of plumage shades. The main feature of pigeons is their round head and shortened beak. The wingspan reaches 70 cm. Maintenance requires a spacious dovecote and the ability to freely fly for a long time.


Takla is a Turkish breed of pigeon.

Birds are friendly, intelligent, and look neat in appearance. Their colors are very diverse, but they all have one distinctive feature - white brushes on their paws and a white back. Genetically, tackles have a passion for flying with a cascade of flips and loud pops.

Uzbek pigeons

Uzbek pigeons have a neat body of medium size. Birds prefer to fly at high altitudes, emitting wing flapping audible from a distance. The name of specific breeds of this group largely depends on the color of the feather or the pattern on it.

  • Argans have a golden-yellow chest and stripes on the wings; the color of the plumage of the body is much lighter. The white feathers on the feet reach a length of 5 cm to 12 cm.
  • Gulbadam means white plumage, and ouds have pale blue plumage, the chest and belt on the wings are bluish-bronze.
  • Awlaki are white with colored patterns on the wings. The feathering on the paws reaches a length of 12 cm, there are spurs. Shaggy-legged birds have a slightly elongated body, the feathers are pressed tightly to the body. The head is round or cubic with curly feathers.

Baku hryvnia

Pigeons of this breed can fly very high, enter a pole without any problems, and play, creating loud clicks. Birds have a slightly elongated fusiform body of medium length. The feathers are white and matte in color, with the exception of the back of the neck. The stripes on the neck are distinguished by rich black, red, yellow and dove colors, which can extend onto the back. Chubby pigeons have a white forelock in front and a colored forelock in the back. The white tail necessarily contains several colored feathers.

Due to the colored neck patch, these pigeons are called necked pigeons.

Armavir breeds

Armavir short-billed pigeons are quite large. They have a raised chest, a smooth rounded head, a wide forehead, and possibly a forelock from one to the second ear. The legs are well feathered, the feathers are plate-shaped. Long and hawk feathers are especially prized. Lines of different colors are drawn: white, black, dark chestnut, dark yellow amber and dark red ruby. The edges of the feathers have darker edges. Long-billed Armavir kosmachi have a white head, the rest of the plumage is red and yellow.

Long-billed North Caucasian kosmachi

The thin white beak of North Caucasian kosmachi reaches 2.5 centimeters. Kosmachi have smooth heads and high thick forelocks that turn into a mane. Birds move their legs when landing and rising, which is why they are called combers. Several colored lines of Kosmachi have been developed. On the legs there are long feathers up to 10 cm in the form of a plate, there are spurs. Color-tailed kosmachi have white plumage, except for the undertail and uppertail.

Krasnodar fighting breeds

Long-billed and medium-billed Krasnodar pigeons are similar in appearance. Their plumage is red or yellow, with a white pattern on the tail and sides. The feathers on the feet are associated with bells. The birds are of medium size, body length ranges from 32 to 36 cm.

Blagodarny breed

Blagodarny pigeons are distinguished by their unique colors and several variations of feathers on their heads. The nasal forelock looks like a wide rose; it covers the forehead, wax and part of the beak. The forelock on the back of the head turns into a mane. The plumage of the head and top of the neck is pure white or with red splashes, the rest of the color is dark red.


A characteristic feature of these birds is brushes on their paws and a mottled head. They have only two colors of plumage - black and red. The body is slightly elongated, the chest is noticeably convex. Chilis take off vertically and, having gained height, perform a cascade of somersaults.


Thurmans are pigeons that turn over in the sky using their head, tail and wings. The duration of the flight and the quality of the fog tumbles depend on heredity, training and conditions of detention. This is one of the most popular breeds of fighting pigeons, which also has a second name - rollers. The colors of birds are very diverse - from plain white or gray to variegated.

Origin story

Little is known about fighting pigeons, or more precisely about their breeding. The history of the origin of this variety is rather vague. According to some historical data, fighting birds were bred artificially by crossing several breeds.

The selection lasted for centuries, and this time was not wasted. Breeders managed to obtain a variety that is difficult to confuse with other breeds or species.

The Middle Eastern region is considered the birthplace of most fighting depth breeds. This is where the birds spread, which are considered the pride of the largest pigeon collections. To this day, several centers where pigeons are bred have survived.

Uzbek breeds

Pigeons from Uzbekistan are valued all over the world. The names of the breeds come from the color of their plumage. Chicks hatch the same way, regardless of breed. With each molt, their plumage changes. After 3 moults, it acquires the color characteristic of a certain breed:

More on the topic: How are Baku pigeons trained?

Helpful information
1Ouds are light blue in color. The plumage on the chest is gray, there are belts on the wings
2Ruyans - individuals of this breed have a red color
3Agarans - the contour plumage is light, but there are orange feathers on the chest and wings. On the wings they form a belt

Uzbek fighting pigeons are small in size. Their limbs are low. There are long braids on the metatarsus. Birds can be forelocked, two-foreheaded, nose-toothed, or completely forelockless. Birds that have mustaches and sideburns are noted. Individuals have high-flying combat and have a good ability to navigate in space. They rarely get lost.


Baku fighting pigeons may have a number of disadvantages, due to which they will not be accepted into the breed group:

  • Humped back.
  • Beak or back too short.
  • Raised nape or forehead.
  • Wide short neck.
  • Excessive feathering on the toes.
  • Tuberous wax.
  • Arched chest.
  • Long tail feathers that do not close together.

Loose plumage indicates that the bird is sick and lacks nutrients in its diet. Disadvantages that do not affect the “success” of the bird:

  • Small crown.
  • The eyelids are flesh-colored.
  • Neck without bend.
  • Eyes of different colors.

The Baku breed is easily determined by the eye of a professional. Sick or injured birds are immediately detected by external data.

Breed characteristics

The breed of pigeons got its name from the city of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, where these birds were bred. The magnificent flight and combat qualities of birds are the result of centuries of passionate and fruitful work of Azerbaijani pigeon breeders. Once upon a time in Baku, pigeons were kept on almost every roof and in the skies above the city from morning until late evening one could admire the flight game of these beautiful birds.

For a long time, no special attention was paid to the color and texture of pigeons; the main advantage of the bird was considered to be its fight in the sky. Pigeons from Baku can be of a wide variety of colors (black-tailed, marbled, white, red and many others), but their flight qualities were and remain unrivaled; for this reason they are superior to all currently known breeds.

Despite the variety of colors and the presence of many subspecies, Baku fighting pigeons have a number of distinctive features, among which it is necessary to highlight:

  • average value;
  • strong, slightly elongated body;
  • round forehead and slightly elongated head;
  • long neck and wide back;
  • long strong wings;
  • quite dense plumage.

The breed of pigeons got its name from the city of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, where these birds were bred

In addition, representatives of the Baku breed of flying pigeons are unpretentious in care, easily get along in large flocks, are highly trainable, are very hardy and have good immunity.

Azerbaijani pigeons, both marbled and representatives of any other species, reproduce very well. The dove lays eggs all year round, and if the poultry farmer has not prepared a place for the offspring in advance, the pair will build a nest from any available material, and it will not be possible to move it to another place. These flying pigeons are very attached to home; they are able to find it hundreds of kilometers away. There is a known case when a small flock of birds was purchased in Baku and taken to Astrakhan; after some time, the birds, having traveled hundreds of kilometers, returned home to their native dovecote.

Baku fighting pigeons (video)

Gallery: Baku pigeons (25 photos)

Types of Baku residents

All Azerbaijani pigeons have excellent flying qualities, they all work real miracles in the sky, so they are divided into species only by their coloring and additional decorations. They can be with forelocks or without, in “pants” or with bare legs, with a spindle-shaped physique and raised chest.

Among the Alerbaijan pigeons, the following types of breed are distinguished:

  1. Marbled Baku birds are distinguished by the presence of small inclusions on the multi-colored plumage, and with each molt the color of the plumage becomes more saturated; by this feature you can easily determine the age of the bird. In purebred marbled Baku birds, the spots on the plumage are evenly distributed; there are no single-color feathers or large spots of the same color.
  2. Grievans have completely white or slightly matte plumage and a bright, very noticeable spot on the nape. The color of the spot can be bluish, yellow, red or black. The pigeon is also capable of having several brightly colored feathers at the tip of the forelock and in the tail.
  3. Black-tailed - the main distinguishing feature of this species is the presence of a black tail, but sometimes the color can be bright red, while the rest of the plumage remains completely white. Black-tailed Bakuns have all the flying qualities of the breed and perform well in the sky.
  4. Broad-tailed Bakuns have a wider tail than other representatives of the breed and are distinguished by their long stay in the air. They can be of different colors, but generally ash, light and milky tones predominate in the plumage.
  5. Chile pigeons - representatives of this species have completely red or black plumage (sometimes small specks may be present) and a mottled head. These are incredibly beautiful flying pigeons, they are very strong and resilient, have a wide chest and well-feathered legs. This species is capable of making a pole up to 15 m high, hovering in the air in a vertical position for a long time, while performing 5-7 somersaults.
  6. Solid (one-color) - have a uniform color of plumage from pure white to bronze, bare unfeathered legs, the ends of the wings of birds lie on the tail.

What breeds are there?

There are a large number of breeds of fighting pigeons, differing in appearance, plumage color and feather arrangement. Breeders, working to improve their flight qualities, ignored external characteristics. This is why the appearance of fighting pigeons is so varied; within the same breed there can be individuals of very different shades. Let's look at the most popular breeds.


They were identified as a separate breed in the mid-20th century. During selection, their exterior was improved. Having retained the flying abilities of their ancestors, Baku residents have become much more attractive.

Description. External characteristics of the breed:

  • the head is oval-shaped, smooth or with a forelock;
  • neck of medium length;
  • the beak is straight and thin, slightly curved;
  • yellow eyes, black pupil;
  • the back is sloping, the body is spindle-shaped, dense;
  • the plumage fits tightly to the body;
  • powerful wings – fit tightly to the body, do not cross;
  • paws are medium, with or without brushes;
  • claws are white or flesh-colored.

Baku pigeons

The forelocks of forelocks have two-colored forelocks - white in front, colored behind. The plumage is very dense - if you take a Baku pigeon in your hand, it seems that it is a smooth stone.

Flight. They fly scatteredly, without forming a flock. Each bird performs solo tricks. Soaring high, pigeons are practically invisible from the ground. Flight duration is 2-12 hours. The height of the “pillar” during flight is 15 m, while the bird makes up to seven somersaults. Each somersault is accompanied by a characteristic clicking sound.

Other features. High immunity. Prolific and easy to reproduce. Good orientation. They return home 500-600 km away. Faithful and devoted.


This is the most spectacular subspecies of Baku fighting pigeons. The breed is popular in the Russian Federation; in other countries, chili pigeons are practically unknown.

Description. The plumage is variegated - black, dark gray or red. The speckles are snow-white. They often have two-colored forelocks. The front part is motley, the back part is the same color as the main plumage. Exterior Features:

  • dense, elongated body;
  • on the paws there are brushes;
  • yellowish eyes;
  • the neck is medium, with a beautiful curve;
  • the chest protrudes forward;
  • broad shoulders;
  • wings tightly pressed;
  • on the neck and chest there is a purple tint;
  • the beak is straight, white, curved at the end;
  • if the head is dark, then the beak is black.

Baku pigeons

Flight. Capable of flying for many hours at a time. They take off vertically and launch into battle at high altitude. They move softly into a pillar and quickly somersault. Easily hang in the air.

Other features. Breeders value the breed for the complexity and entertainment of the somersaults it performs. Each bird has an individual flight. So, every chili pigeon flies at a certain altitude, and the duration of the flight is also different for each. Unpretentious to living conditions.


Another variety of Baku fighting pigeons. They are variegated, like Chili, but their color is a mosaic pattern of feathers of different colors. One of the most beautiful breeds. Its representatives often participate and win in international exhibitions.

Description. The plumage is motley, with dark splashes. Bronze individuals are valued more than others - they have a brass color with black or scarlet spots scattered randomly.

Marbled pigeons

Flight. It rises up without making preparatory circles. Having fluffed up its tail and wings so that it looks like a ball, the marble dove soars up, hovers, somersaults, shows various tricks, and each time returns down to its owner. They show different types of fighting - pole, belt, screw.

Other features. The saturation of plumage color is the criterion by which the age of marbled pigeons is judged. Young animals have lighter shades than mature individuals. After the first molt, the young darken, the plumage takes on different tones.

Baku hryvnia

They are considered universal “pilots”. They were bred in the first decades of the 20th century in the city of Baku.

Description. A harmonious body with a well-built head. The forehead is elongated, the back of the head is rounded. The beak is long, the eyes are dark cherry color. The neck is beautifully curved, the wings are long, the legs are medium. The plumage is thick and white. There is a characteristic pattern on the back of the head. “Print” color – yellow, black, red.

Baku hryvnia

Flight. They perform all types of flight perfectly - combat, entering a pole, climbing until they disappear from the visibility zone.

Baku white barefoot

Another variety of Baku pigeons with excellent flying abilities.

Description. The breed is similar in appearance to the toothless Baku hryvnias. The difference is the snow-white color. Legs bare, reddish. They are distinguished by a downed constitution. The body is oblong, the head is elongated, with or without a forelock. The forehead is sloping, the beak is white. The plumage is thick, the tint is purple.

Flight. Flying high. They demonstrate a beautiful fight.

Baku white barefoot

Turkish (takla)

Turkish fighting pigeons are divided into three types - takla, donek and kalabek. Takla is the most popular breed of the Turkish group, and one of the most ancient breeds of pigeons. The word "takla" is translated as "somersault". There are several types of takla - two-forelocked, forelocked, long-toothed, long-nosed.

Description. There are many varieties of takla, each of which has its own differences in appearance. But there are also common signs - a standard body, slender, without unnecessary massiveness. Any color can dominate the color. Gray and variegated colors are more common than others. The tail section is indicated in white. There is a white “cap” on the head. The legs are feathered. There are forelocks. There is no single standard for tackle.

Turkish Takla

There are many subspecies of the breed, here are just a few of them:

  • Urfa. Long tails and wings drooping to the ground. The plumage is yellow-brown with bluish tints.
  • Mardin. Low but scenic flight. Similar to tumblers. Plumage - all shades of gray.
  • Sivash. Less long flight than previous subspecies, but stronger combat. They come with forelocks and white tails.
  • Antalya. They are distinguished by high flight. Miniature. Rarely found.
  • Ankara . Miniature birds of silvery gray, brown, red, white and yellow shades.

Flight. They tumble masterfully and master the technique of propeller flight. Demonstrate exciting wing play. Capable of long flight - about 10 hours. They show an original flight: they take off vertically, repeat somersaults several times, fall sharply down - 2-3 m, and then again reach the same height.

Other features. Growing takla requires regular training.

Interestingly, the ability for screw flight is associated with the color of the bird. The paler the plumage, the more beautiful the flight. It has been noticed that motley taklas often do not know how to “screw themselves” into the sky.

Uzbek (two forelocks)

The two-foreheaded “Uzbeks” were the first to be bred within the breed in question. There are more than a dozen subspecies that differ in plumage and build.

Description. The “business card” of Uzbek pigeons is the forelock, which almost all representatives of the breed have. Two-foreheaded pigeons have lush plumage, shaggy brushes on their legs, and a forelock on their head, stretching from the forehead to the neck - across the entire head. The shaggy appearance gives the bird a massive appearance.

Uzbek (two forelocks)

Plumage depends on the subspecies:

  • The chins are dark red, the tail and wings are white.
  • Gyulsary are black with a white head.
  • Awlaki are mostly white with mottled wings.
  • Chelkari – marbled color.
  • Hakkya are black, tail is white.
  • Gulbadam is white, the spot on the neck is reddish or yellowish.
  • Tasmanians are coffee-colored. The tail, head and chest are dark brown. The rump, outer tail feathers and outer side of the wings are white.

Flight. The long flight is accompanied by amazing stunts.

Other features. Breeders are working to improve the plumage of the breed - these birds are not only good flyers, but also have decorative value.


The oldest breed of pigeons, bred over 5 thousand years ago. Iranian pigeons are very expensive. The second name of the breed is Persian.

Description. There is no single standard for the exterior; individuals differ in plumage, the presence of forelocks, brushes on the legs, etc. Common features are a long beak and a wide tail with 12 tail feathers. The wingspan is 60-70 cm. The head is usually smooth. The most popular are birds with black, gray, yellow, scarlet and almond plumage.

Iranian pigeons

Flight. They fly slowly and tend to hover in one place for a long time. Flight duration – 3-5 hours, maximum – 10 hours.

Other features. There are several subspecies of the Iranian breed. The Tibriz and Hamadan fighting cosmachi are known more than others.

Krasnodar (red)

This breed is valued more for its beauty than for its flight. Their flight is short but impressive. There are many subspecies of Krasnodar pigeons, the most popular are Artamon, Neverovsky, Blagodarnensky.

Description. Compact body. The head is small, the crown is flat. The beak is white, slightly curved downwards. The wings are long and fit tightly to the body. The plumage is varied, the most beautiful is red. Proud stance, harmonious physique.

Krasnodar pigeons

Flight. Flight duration – 1 hour. Flight altitude – average. They fly in flocks and individually. The flight is short and swift, they enter the pole well - slowly and smoothly. They do somersaults sharply, loudly flapping their wings.

Other features. Often bred for meat. The breed is popular in the Krasnodar region, Voronezh and Rostov regions.


Pakistani pigeons owe their worldwide fame to their unusual flight style, which is not replicated by any other breed.

Description. The bird is beautiful, the plumage is varied, mostly light. The main color is white, and on the back, wings, head, neck and tail there is a special feather pattern that remains the same throughout its life. There are several subtypes of “Pakistanis”. There are birds that are bare-footed and those with “pants,” those with forelocks and those without forelocks. The forelocks are peaked and needle-pointed. The tail is long. Eye color – red, orange, blue.

Pakistani pigeons

Flight. The bird, rising up and entering the pillar, makes somersaults, which are accompanied by a loud fight.

Other features. The breed is valued in Russia for its unique flight, external beauty and unpretentious maintenance. But birds require attention - they need regular training. Flight abilities are passed on genetically.


Persians are famous for their flight characteristics. Among them there are individuals who can “fly like a butterfly” and “walk like a shuttle.”

Description. They are distinguished by the unusual structure of their feathers - they seem to be cut at the ends. This makes the birds look curly. The head is rounded, with a wide convex forehead. Some birds have a forelock on the back of their head. Pearl colored eyes. The legs are feathered. The plumage is of rich shades - yellow, red, dark brown.


Flight. They fly at high altitude. They prefer to fly alone. They stay in the sky for up to 11 hours. They quickly rise into the pillar and perform sharp somersaults.

Other features. They respond well to training. Excellent location orientation – they always find their home. If Persians are not trained, they lose their flying abilities and fly at a low altitude - 1-2 m. They are fertile and good parents, they feed their offspring on their own.


This is an extremely hardy and resilient breed. In Armenia and Russia, this breed continues to be improved - its flight qualities are improved.

Description. Sturdy, beautiful, streamlined body. The head is smooth, round in shape. The beak is medium in size, light in color. Eyes are black. The tail is straight.

Leninakan pigeons

Flight. Continuous flight lasts 6-8 hours. They quickly gain height, enter the pillar and somersault.

Other features. Freedom lovers. If they need to be transported, then they are accustomed to the cages in advance - so that the birds do not get sick from anxiety. Attached to the nesting site. Constant training is needed. Well oriented in space.

Pairs of Leninakan pigeons are very friendly and loyal. Pigeon breeders do not advise releasing a female and a male into flight at the same time. The female will distract the male from performing tricks.


The official name is Maikop short-billed fighting pigeons.

Description. The birds are small, their wings are wide and long. The head is small and neat. The paws are shaggy. The plumage is smooth and shiny. The eyes are large and protruding. Color – single or two-tone.

Maikop pigeons

Flight. They fly quickly and rhythmically. The fight is loud, the exit into the post is sharp.

Other features. The breed combines decorativeness with excellent flight characteristics.


The breed was bred in the North Caucasus in the 50s of the last century. They were bred to hatch chicks, and these birds were not particularly beautiful.

Description. Birds of medium weight and size. They have a large forelock on their head. Moreover, the forelock can be located in different places - above the beak, on the crown. The most common color is red and white. The head is graceful and small. The beak is white or yellow. Breeders value black specimens more than other species - they are very rare. The disadvantage of black pigeons is low endurance. The most persistent variety is with feathering on its feet.

Thanks pigeons

Flight. In flight they expertly somersault, performing various kinds of somersaults. But today this breed is valued more for its decorative qualities than for its flying qualities.

Other features. They have a calm and friendly disposition. Unpretentious to food and living conditions. They feel good in an urban environment.

The breed received its name in honor of the village of Blagodarny in the Stavropol region. The city's coat of arms and flag even have an image of a red and white dove flying over the bridge.


One of the most valuable breeds. There are several varieties of the breed and hundreds of subspecies - there are ribbon tumblers, Oryol, Odessa, Volsk, Vienna, Kursk, Moscow, Chisinau and others. Thurmans have unique flying abilities that are not available to other breeds.

Description. Tumblers have a small body and a small head. Dark eyes with light eyelids. The beak is short, the forehead is high, the neck is elongated and long. Widely spaced short legs. The tail is fluffed and raised up. There are forelocked and toothless tumblers. The color is varied. Weight – about 800 g.


Flight. They are distinguished by their original flight. They perform flight similar to the movement of a wheel. They tumble over the wing, tail, head. They can stay at high altitudes for a long time. Not every tumbler can perform complex elements - there are more and less capable birds.

Other features. Strong and resilient. Staying in shape requires hard training.

North Caucasian cosmach

Kosmachi is the oldest breed of pigeon. Today, enthusiasts in the North Caucasus are engaged in restoring flight qualities in varieties that have lost them.

Description. Large body, long legs. The head is small, with a forelock. Eyes black or silver. The beak is white. The coloring and pattern differs depending on the subspecies. The plumage is red, yellow, black, gray, coffee, marbled. The head and primary flight feathers, undertail and uppertail, tail feathers are white.

North Caucasian cosmach

Flight. They fly quickly, abruptly entering the stance. Next, they perform somersaults - 5-10 times in a row, performing characteristic clicks - fight. Flight time is up to 5 hours.

Other features. Hardy and unpretentious. They live up to 20 years. They reproduce until they are 10-12 years old. When purchasing a new pigeon, you need to endure a month-long quarantine.

Cheeky fighting pigeons

If a bird flies for less than 3 hours, it is rejected. The flight of pigeons is slow, but they are capable of rising high into the air. A distinctive feature of this breed is the ability to hover in the sky in one place for a long time. The best high-flying birds hover at a flickering point or “fly” as they say in their homeland.

Birds have different flight styles, and the value also changes depending on this. Iranian fighting pigeons fly in the following ways:

  • The flapping of their wings is fast, powerful, pigeons can fly high, resist the wind well, but the fight is almost inaudible, the figure of the flight is minimal. This style is highly valued and most specimens are discarded.
  • Pillar flight. Birds rise vertically into the air, while beating their wings strongly. Having gained height, they do 5-10 somersaults and begin to spin.
  • Corkscrew flight. The bird rises into the air in a column, but at the same time it also spins around its axis. With this style of flight, pigeons play and tumble beautifully. It is quite tiring, so it is accessible only to very strong and hardy individuals. Among pigeon fanciers, spinning flight is valued most highly.

A very important characteristic of flight is the ability of pigeons to return home. The winner of the competition can only be the bird that lands clearly on its dovecote. They train fighting doves by releasing them from their hands. Classes begin early in the morning; experienced birds are released first, then young ones. In Iran there is a whole rutting system that allows you to develop beautiful figure flight and excellent wing fighting.

Dear friends, thank you to everyone who participates in our event

Dear friends, thank you to everyone who participates in our event

Iranian (big-headed) pigeons (red-headed) for sale

Iranian (big-headed) pigeons (red-headed) for sale

Nursery of the Lozko family. 2013 This email address is being protected from spambots. You must have JavaScript enabled to view it. +38 09

Nursery of the Lozko family. 2013 This email address is being protected from spambots. You must have JavaScript enabled to view it. +38 09

Iranian pigeons have been bred for many centuries in different cities of Persia. Almost every locality had its own special breed. To date, three main lines have been identified, taking their name from the area in which they first appeared:

Iranian headed pigeons and tickled pigeons are included in a special group. They differ from each other in colors. Headfish have a white body and a completely colored, dark head up to the neck. Yellow-headed birds are especially prized and are very difficult to breed. Cheeked pigeons have a short, slender, white body. The head and cheeks are always smooth and dark in color. You can see in more detail what all the varieties look like in the photo.

Iranian pigeons and their price may vary depending on the variety and flight qualities. Of course, the best birds are bought in Iran. But even in this country, not many farms are engaged in breeding elite breeds. In Russia, Iranians can be bought in Moscow, Yekaterinburg, Khabarovsk, Vladivostok, Chelyabinsk. The price ranges from 1000 to 2500 rubles per individual. Birds from good lines can cost much more, hundreds of dollars.

Tehran pigeons

Tehran fighting pigeons have a special body structure. In appearance they resemble hawks. The wingspan of these birds is about 70 cm. The head is rounded, with a wide side, and the beak is short. Many varieties of this breed are ticklish, although other colors are also found. Tehran pigeons fly at high altitudes and make a good sound with their wings.

Tibriz pigeons

The pigeons were bred in the city of Tibriz, in western Iran. From there they came to Azerbaijan, where the breed was improved. Perhaps it was from them that the Baku people descended. Even in their homeland they received a second name: Azerbaijani. In appearance they are very similar to Baku pigeons. They have a long body, an elongated narrow head, and smooth plumage. The color can be any; among the Tibrizians there are white, colored, heady and tickled. The birds are hardy, fly at medium heights, somersault in the air, and make a good sound with their wings.


Possible causes of diseases are associated with poor-quality food, which contains infected remains of wild pigeon droppings:

  1. Trichomonosis . Caused by parasites, it affects the gastrointestinal tract, liver, pharynx, and esophagus. Identified by liquid droppings, yellow plaque in the pharynx and larynx. The bird dies from hunger and suffocation.
  2. Coccidiosis . Parasitic disease. Pigeons lose weight and get tired quickly. Identified by liquid droppings with mucus and blood. The bird dies of hunger.
  • Parasites
  • Infectious


Main symptoms, measures for treatment and prevention of the disease



What is the danger of infection, how to treat and prevent it



A disease that leads to pathological changes in the gastrointestinal tract and the development of septicemia.



Disease with severe respiratory disorders



An infectious disease that affects the tissues of the gastrointestinal tract



Infectious disease of pigeons. Affects the skin, mucous membranes and leads to the death of the bird



Characterized by indigestion, fatal to birds


Where and under what conditions are pigeons kept?

Fighting pigeons live quite a long time, some individuals live up to 35 years. Average life expectancy is 15 years. But such a long life can only be achieved with proper care. Birds, first of all, need a cozy home and adequate feeding.

Most fighting breeds are unpretentious and are easy to maintain. Training is important, without which fighting pigeons lose their abilities. To accommodate birds use:

  • cells;
  • enclosures;
  • dovecotes.

The room in which pigeons are kept must meet the following requirements:

  • availability of high-quality ventilation;
  • distance between floor and ceiling – from 1.5 m;
  • When calculating the volume of the enclosure, you need to proceed from the condition - there should be 1.5 square meters per individual. m;
  • the pigeon house should be equipped with perches, the thickness of the pole should correspond to the circumference of the bird’s paw;
  • litter thickness - more than 5 cm;
  • monthly – disinfection, cleaning – regularly;
  • room temperature – from +20 to +30 °C.

Tips for keeping birds

  • The storage area should be spacious. It is best to build a dovecote for this purpose. Birds can be kept both in cages and in aviaries.
  • For one individual in the enclosure there should be 50 cm₂ on the floor and one and a half meters of air space.
  • The material for the enclosure can be any. The main thing is to ensure that there is minimal space between the rods, and the bird cannot fit through the gap;
  • It is necessary to choose the right perch. Incorrect body position of the bird during rest can cause curvature of the spine, which will entail a change in the quality of flight;
  • The size of the perch pole should correspond to the circumference of the bird's fingers;
  • For maintenance you need high-quality bedding. Peat, tree bark, hay and rags are best suited. The floor can be covered with sand;
  • The food of pigeons must be selected depending on the breed and beak length. For short-billed birds, millet and cracked wheat are best, as are small peas and lentils. Long-billed individuals can feed on larger foods: beans, beans, barley, corn;
  • Fighter flights occur in both summer and winter. The tumbling pigeon needs regular training.
  • In mid-summer, birds molt. During this period, high-protein components are removed from the diet and the amount of oil increases.

Selling fighting pigeons is a profitable business, so most poultry farmers are engaged in breeding the breed.

From the ground they look like hawks

In Iran, wild birds began to be domesticated. The Iranian group of fighting animals consists of Persian species, as well as Afghan and Iranian “cheekies”. These pigeons have a body length of 38-45 cm, a wingspan of up to 70 cm, and a beak size of 2.5 cm.

Iranian representatives began to be tamed five thousand years ago

“Cheeked” breeds have been known since the 7th century. There are several subspecies of them: Tibriz and Tehran, big-headed and Hamandin.

Due to their large size, Persians are often perceived from the ground as hawks. The slow, smooth manner of flying is compensated by a long stay in the sky from 10 to 11 hours, and when landing, the ability to demonstrate beautiful figures. Going into the pillar is the main indicator of the Iranians' summer. It must be fixed, at least for a few seconds. The noise from the fight can be heard clearly even if the dove is very high in the sky.

The name was given for the noise of the wings during flight.

Flight features of these pigeons

Each breed has its own individual flying style. As a rule, pigeons fly in circles to a great height, after which they begin to vigorously click their wings, while slowly rising upward. The most valued flight is when the pigeon begins to flap its wings frequently, kick its legs, and rises sharply vertically upward, where it performs a somersault over its back. The height of such a flight can reach 15 m or more.

Fighting breeds of pigeons
Each breed of pigeon has its own special fighting style.

Another unique flight style is called “hovering” or “butterfly” flight, in which the pigeon takes off very slowly, sometimes stopping and, for a while, hovering with its tail spread. This hovering can last for several seconds, and then a somersault occurs with strong and loud clicks of the wings.

Some birds somersault in the air without hovering or going up in normal flight. This kind of fight doesn't have much value. In flight, certain fighting breeds can take off in a corkscrew. For this reason they are usually called screw ones. However, they have one significant drawback. During takeoff, pigeons often lose orientation in space, crash into roofs of houses, trees and die. To avoid this, experts recommend trimming the tail feathers of birds, and also noticing diseases and changes in the health of pigeons in a timely manner.


Kirill Sotnikov

Pigeon breeder. Six years of experience

I started out bad. Of the first three pairs of agarans purchased, only one remained alive after wintering. It’s my own fault, I didn’t spend enough time with them. After that winter, I made it a rule to clean the dovecote of droppings every day, add fresh bedding, and regularly treat the feeders and drinkers with antiseptics. Then I found a good supplier of grain without droppings, mouse excrement and stones, insulated the dovecote, and hung infrared panels on the walls. In addition to the remaining pair, in the second year I bought another one from another nest. They gave me two dozen young animals in a year, which they sold, and bought four purebred agarans. I realized that without selection nothing could be done. As a result of inbreeding, the bird already in the third generation becomes weaker and loses its immunity. I can say one thing to everyone who wants to work with pigeons: do not waste your time on them.

Andrey Komarov

Beginner pigeon breeder

Even at school I was interested in pigeons. I didn’t have my own, I was helping a friend whose father had his own dovecote in our yard. Then I learned a lot about their habits, training, and illnesses. Last year I started building a dovecote. I want to meet Bakuvians. There is still a lot to be done, but I don’t mind my time. First, I made a 3 by 4 meter metal frame with a gable roof from the corners. I covered everything with sheet iron, hung a metal door and raised the house to a height of one and a half meters above the ground so that mice and ants would not get inside, and so that snow and rain would not wet the floors. All winter I lined the walls from the inside with clapboard with foam insulation. I installed light and made vents for ventilation. All that remains is to add a paddock, perches, and paint the outside of the house. Then I’ll buy myself three, and maybe four pairs for divorce.

Sergey Shchekin

Beginner pigeon breeder

I live in my own house and want to make a dovecote right in the attic. I have already installed plank partitions and insulated them from the outside with mineral wool. I'll finish the floor and install constant light. I will exit through two attic windows. The pigeons will live in an insulated room without windows with an entrance to the attic, and from the attic they will fly out into the street. I saw such a dovecote at my friends’ place. Everything is very conveniently designed. I want to get Uzbek Tasmanians. They are beautiful and fly great. The guys promised to help with the young animals. There is still a lot to be done, but every day the dream of having pigeons is getting closer.

How are Baku pigeons trained?

Author of the article Igor Nikolaev Reading time: 4 minutes AA 5658 We will send the material to you: By clicking on the button, you consent to the processing of your personal data

Baku pigeons belong to the fighting group. They are known not only on the territory of Azerbaijan. They are bred in European countries and East Asia. They attract with their unique fight and plumage color. Among the Baku fighting pigeons, several lines are noted: hryvnia, forelock, waist, with variegated feathers. The forelock on the head adds to the birds' attractiveness. The legs have short feathering, no more than 3 cm long. The claws are bare.

Baku pigeons

They are long and strong. The white Baku pigeon is especially popular. It is believed to have the best flight qualities. Pigeon breeders claim that birds of other lines can also be raised into flyers with excellent qualities. It is only necessary to conduct regular training for them. Baku pigeons learn well and quickly. What are the characteristics of the breed? How are birds trained?

Features of the flight of pigeons

There are several versions of where fighting pigeons came from. Many poultry farmers are inclined to believe that the birthplace of fighting pigeons is Türkiye or Iran. Pigeons tolerate high air temperatures well and can rise into the sky even under the scorching sun. From Persia, birds were brought to the Caucasus, Central Asia and Crimea.

Fighting pigeons have the following advantages:

  • unpretentious to living conditions;
  • undemanding to nutrition;
  • know the terrain well and quickly find their way home;
  • can remain in the sky for a long time;
  • have an interesting flight style and perform somersaults;
  • strong and resilient.

The flight of fighting pigeons is peculiar and unique. They often perform vertical or horizontal somersaults, during which they “click” their wings.

The sharp sound of wings hitting can be heard from a great distance. Having gained a height of about 15-20 meters, the bird makes a circle, hovers, somersaults and again rises vertically several meters. There are pigeons that, rising upward, turn around in a corkscrew. These birds are called screw birds. Screw pigeons have one drawback: they often lose control of their altitude and die when they crash into trees or rooftops. Some breeders trim pigeons' tail feathers, and in some cases this helps the birds fly.

Another feature of the flight of fighting pigeons is associated with hovering, during which the birds make slow flips and fap their wings vigorously.

The hovering of fighting pigeons is very beautiful

The third flight option is a tape game. Somersaulting is carried out without hovering and a vertical column. Some pigeon breeders cull birds that fly this way. Birds that do not make a full 360-degree turn, or those that make more than a full turn, or allow omissions in the game—flips without clicks and flapping wings without turning—are also subject to culling.

Young animals begin to “beat” at different ages: at two months, at six months, and later breeds at two or three years.

Breeding Features

Slaughter breeds are characterized by productive reproduction, and in one clutch they can hatch up to 8 eggs. The female sits on the eggs. The male does not participate in incubation. The chicks hatch hairless and completely helpless. But they grow and fledge quickly. By two weeks, the chicks begin to leave the nest. After two months, the birds look like adults.

If there are no nests in the pigeon coop, then the birds will make them on their own, using any available materials. When the nest is built, there is no need to move it - the birds will be upset, as they become very attached to the fruits of their labor. Therefore, it is better to take care of nests in advance.

Reproduction of pigeons at home begins in the spring. Before starting laying, you should prepare a separate enclosure, which is thoroughly washed, cleaned, dried, and then nests are placed - boxes with low sides. Plaster and small sawdust are poured into their corners.

In nature, random mating dominates. But if a breeder wants to produce offspring with certain characteristics, he cannot rely on chance. For breeding pigeons it is recommended to use:

  • Inbreeding. They knit related individuals - parents and offspring, brothers and sisters, “cousins”. This form of crossing improves the quality of the breed and preserves its positive characteristics. Inbreeding can be used for a long time, crossing several generations.
  • Crossing similar individuals. Two healthy parents pass on positive qualities to their offspring. The method allows you to use extraneous genetic potential that is not inherent in the breed - it is designed to improve the original characteristics of the breed.
  • Line breeding. Allows you to know exactly the consequences of mating and inheritance of characteristics. In contrast to inbreeding, individuals that are more distantly related are used.

General characteristics

All fighting pigeons have a common distinctive feature. When taking off and flying, they beat the air with their wings, producing loud clicks. They can be heard clearly. Clicks are also made when birds perform acrobatic elements in the air: flips, spinning, hovering. Almost all fighting pigeons are high-flying. They rise into the sky, out of sight.

Fighting among pigeons is inherited. In young animals it does not appear immediately, closer to 6 months. Over the years, the battle has improved, becoming more complex and interesting. The highest level of combat is reached in birds already at the age of about 2-3 years. To achieve great success, pigeons need daily training. They begin at a young age, from one and a half months, as soon as the chicks have adult plumage, and they move from the period of squeaking to cooing. The flight of fighting pigeons is characterized by the following characteristics:

  • having left the dovecote, they make a circling flight; perform several circles over the roof;
  • then the birds scatter: flight in bulk;
  • The leader usually performs his pirouettes in the air first; he separates from the flock and begins to gain height, performing somersaults and continuously clicking his wings;

  • Birds that go into the pillar are especially valued; the height of the pillar can be 15-20 m;
  • Having gained height, the pigeon descends slightly in order to again turn over in the air and rise into the sky;
  • Having reached its highest point of flight, the leader sits on its tail and seems to be sliding down an air slide;
  • Other individuals follow the leader in a similar manner.

More on the topic: What breeds are classified as end pigeons?

Sometimes the leader waits for the whole flock at a height, hovering in the air. After everyone has gathered, the spectacular slide down the hill begins. After completing 2-3 such flights, the birds become very tired. They need rest. They land on roofs or tree branches. They should not be driven away. In 20 minutes. they will take to the air again to resume their dizzying acrobatic moves.

Pigeons may also experience a different fight. The birds do not retreat into the table, but fluff their tails, raising their wings above their heads, and hover in the air. Flight is slow, individuals gain altitude gradually. Their tail is parallel to the surface of the earth. The hovering continues for several minutes, then the pigeons go into the post.

There is also a tape game. The pigeons simply fly, tumbling in the air. Birds rise to an average height. They don't go out of sight. Such a flight at competitions is rejected and not evaluated. But he delights the viewer. Ribbon play is most spectacular among fighting pigeons. Since the birds do not fly high, you can clearly see all the tricks they perform.

When purchasing a fighting pigeon, you need to inquire about its parents. If they were not distinguished by high flight, then their offspring will not rise high into the sky. Birds that fly low are bred by pigeon breeders who do not seek to compete in competitions, but simply enjoy the beautiful fight of their charges.

Igor Nikolaev

auto RU

Fighting pigeons are well oriented in the area. They can stay in the air for 6-9 hours. Birds almost never get lost. You should pay attention to the fact that young animals do not always cope with combat. Spinning in the air, individuals can lose their balance. In this case, the flight may end, at best, in injury.

Fighting pigeon training

If you do not train fighting pigeons, you will have to say goodbye to a beautiful summer. Although skill is inherent in such breeds genetically, they quickly lose skills without regular training.

Rules for training pigeons:

  • Pigeons need to be driven when they reach 40 days of age.
  • You cannot accustom birds to fight ahead of time - they may stop “playing” altogether.
  • After molting, the “games” become less frequent and shorter.
  • “Forcing” - refusal to “play”, is often a genetic problem. Such birds are rejected.
  • The optimal number for the rut is 15 birds.
  • Pigeons that move slowly in a circle and “play” every two minutes during the first half hour are considered especially valuable.

In order for fighting breeds to maintain a high level of flight, perform complex tricks and show spectacular “game”, they must be trained regularly. These beauties, demonstrating the wonders of summer, often decorate special events and weddings, and participate in sports competitions and exhibitions.

Author of the publication

offline 9 months
Maxim Romanov


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Breeds of fighting pigeons

There are several breeds of Baku pigeons, each of which has its own distinctive features, characteristics and advantages. Regardless of the varieties, these wonderful birds have many common features:

  • specific uniqueness of the flight;
  • the ability to stay in the air for a long time;
  • incredible endurance;
  • amazing location orientation (pigeons easily return home, even if they move a long distance from the nursery).

Fighting pigeons are also considered the best parents. A pigeon couple carefully hatches their offspring and raises them almost until adulthood.

Baku fighting pigeons

Baku fighting pigeons

This breed appeared around the middle of the last century. Selection, which was carried out by eminent breeders, made it possible to significantly improve their characteristics and appearance. Although these broad-tailed flying pigeons have fully retained all the qualities and abilities of their ancestors, they have become much more attractive in appearance.

Appearance and distinctive features of the breed:

  • the head is oval in shape, may have a tuft or be completely smooth;
  • the neck is powerful, of medium length;
  • the beak is thin, in some birds it is curved;
  • eyes are predominantly yellow;
  • the plumage is short (lovers of this breed know that it fits so tightly to the body that the bird feels like a smooth stone);
  • the wings are strong, adjacent to the body, and do not cross at the tips;
  • claws are flesh-colored or gray-white.

The forelocked birds of this breed boast two-colored forelocks. The front crest is most often light or white, the rear crest is usually dark or multi-colored.

In flight, Baku pigeons rarely stay in flocks and prefer to fly scattered. The flight duration is amazing - the birds easily stay in the air for up to 12 hours. The height of the “pillar” is also amazing, because pigeons are able to rise to enormous heights and are almost invisible from the ground.

Baku pigeons can find a home even when they are 500 km away from their home. Another advantage of birds is also considered to be high immunity. They are rarely affected by diseases even when living in unfavorable conditions.


This breed can only be found in the countries of the Russian Federation; it is not particularly popular among foreign breeders. This subspecies is considered the most spectacular in appearance. Pigeon collectors are attracted by the appearance of the birds.

The plumage most often has a reddish, jet black or gray color. There are white speckles all over the body of the birds, which add special sophistication. Most chili pigeons have bi-colored crests.

Body Features:

  • elongated strong body;
  • the paws are “decorated” with thick brushes;
  • the neck has a beautiful graceful curve;
  • the chest is powerful, protruded forward;
  • the neck and chest, regardless of the main color, have a purple tint;
  • the beak is light, medium in size, curved down (if the plumage on the pigeon’s head is dark, then the beak in this case is black).

Baku chili pigeons are distinguished by their flight duration (up to 10 hours) and soft rise. They rise into a column with characteristic somersaults and easily hang motionless in the air.

The Chili breed is valued precisely for its characteristic somersaults. Each bird develops its own flight style, which looks very spectacular when several individuals take to the air. Chili is extremely unpretentious in terms of keeping conditions.


This breed looks a bit like a chili. There is one distinctive feature - a mosaic pattern, which is made up of feathers of different colors. These birds are often used for exhibitions and more often than other breeds win prizes for decorativeness.

The appearance of marbled birds looks noble, because it skillfully combines variegated colors and dark inclusions throughout the body. The most valuable are bronze specimens with brass plumage and black or scarlet specks.

In flight, the birds immediately rise up and do not make circles typical of other breeds. The marbled Baku pigeon spreads its tail and wings widely, which resembles a regular ball shape. When climbing up, the bird performs all sorts of tricks, but always descends directly to its owner.

A peculiarity of the breed is that young birds have lighter plumage than adults. When molting, the plumage begins to darken and remains so for the rest of its life.

Baku hryvnia

This breed was developed in Baku at the beginning of the last century. The body of the birds is regular, with a long body, powerful limbs, a round head and a long straight beak. The eyes are dark and have a cherry tint. The plumage is snow-white, but there is always a large brown or black spot on the back of the head.

Baku pigeons easily perform tricks in the air. They somersault, climb into a pillar, and rise to the top without any problems until they disappear from view.

Baku white barefoot

This breed is famous for its excellent flight characteristics. Has considerable similarities with Baku hryvnias. The color is white, but pigeons do not have the spots on the back of the head that are characteristic of hryvnias.

The limbs are bare, without feathers, red or brown. The head is elongated and may have a short but fluffy crest.

They rise to considerable heights. The fight is clear and beautiful, regardless of what aerobatic maneuver the pigeon performs.

Turkish takla, fighting pigeons

This variety was bred in Turkey. The peculiarity of the takla group is that there are a huge number of species that differ in both color and flight qualities. Common features include:

  • slim, toned body;
  • the plumage can be dominated by any shades, from snow-white to blue-black;
  • light shades predominate in the tail;
  • there must be a “cap” on the head (usually white);
  • legs are covered with feathers.

Pigeons of this breed have a special flight technique. They can rise upward with a screw, skillfully flapping their wings. The original flight is a rise, several somersaults, a fall of 3-4 m without the use of wings, a repeated rise.

Only experienced breeders are recommended to breed this breed. Takla is characterized by weak immunity and rather high care requirements. It also requires regular training, without which pigeons turn into ordinary representatives of the pigeon family.

Uzbek fighting pigeons

Uzbeks are often called two-forelocked. It is the crest that is the hallmark of the breed. Birds also have other remarkable features:

  1. The plumage, unlike other breeds of fighting pigeons, is quite lush.
  2. The paws are equipped with shaggy, beautiful brushes.
  3. The head is decorated with a crest, and it stretches from the very back of the head almost to the beak.

The birds look quite massive, most often only due to the plumage that does not fit tightly to the body.

In flight, it is difficult for Uzbeks to find equals among the breeds of fighting pigeons. They are capable of incredible tricks in the air. It is noteworthy that the selection of Uzbek pigeons has not yet ended. Breeders are working to ensure that in addition to flying qualities, birds also acquire more decorative characteristics.

Iranian bigheads

This breed, which originates from Iran, can be considered the progenitors of all fighting pigeons. It appeared several thousand years ago. Their cost significantly exceeds the price of any fighting pigeons that appeared much later.

There is no specific standard for these pigeons. Representatives of this breed are distinguished by their color, flight qualities, brushes on their limbs and the presence of a crest. The following characteristics are considered common to all varieties: the number of feathers in the tail (12 pieces) and a long beak.

The wingspan is amazing, because when it flies it exceeds half a meter. The most common are pigeons with dark, ash, almond or gray plumage.

In flight, Iranian pigeons are quite slow; they often take breaks, hovering in the air for a long time. The flight duration is also not amazing; the birds stay in the air for only 4-6 hours (the hardiest ones can soar for up to 10 hours).

Krasnodar Reds

This breed is not valued for its flying qualities. Breeders and collectors are attracted by the appearance of Krasnodar birds. The body of pigeons is compact and fit, the head is round, slightly flattened in the crown area. The beak is most often white, curved at the tip. The wings are large and tightly pressed to the body.

These fighting pigeons are called red due to the color of their plumage. Although there are a variety of birds, the most common are red or brown pigeons.

Krasnodar pigeons can stay in flight for only 1-2 hours. They do not rise too high, preferring to be at a low height above the ground. They take off on the flight both independently and in groups.

They fit into the pole beautifully, without jerking, the flight is distinguished by beautiful lines and smoothness. Somersaults, unlike ascent or descent, are sharp, with a loud sound.

Pakistani fighting pigeons

The main pride of Pakistanis is their unique flight, which cannot be duplicated by any of the breeds of fighting pigeons.

The plumage of birds is dominated by light shades, although there are also assorted individuals with dark colored feathers. A distinctive feature of Pakistanis is that all parts of the body have a special pattern that does not change throughout life. Among the breed there are birds with crests, brushes on the limbs, and bare legs.

The Pakistanis create a loud fight when entering and exiting the pillar. To maintain flight characteristics, pigeons of this breed must be constantly trained.


This breed became famous for its flying qualities. In addition to somersaults, pigeons have the butterfly and shuttle techniques.

A distinctive characteristic of birds is the unusual structure of their feathers. They are cut at the tips, which looks very unusual for this species of pigeon. Thanks to the dissected wings, the birds look fluffy and voluminous. The head is wide, sloping, and some pigeons have a forelock. The color of the plumage is quite rich - brown, yellow or reddish.

Usually they prefer to fly alone, easily staying in the air for 10-11 hours. They enter the pillar quickly, somersaults with sharp, jerky fights.

Persians are also distinguished by their excellent orientation. Even birds taken many kilometers away easily find their native area. Experienced breeders warn that pigeons of this breed need to be given a lot of attention and regular training. Otherwise, the birds will fly at a low altitude and partially lose their unique flight abilities.


Pigeons of this breed are considered the hardiest among other varieties. This is far from the limit, because breeders are still improving Leninakan birds, improving their characteristics.

Birds have a beautiful streamlined body with a rounded head. The beak is light, not too long. The eyes are most often dark or black.

Leninakan birds easily gain considerable height and perform beautiful somersaults. They can float in the air for up to 7 hours. They have a freedom-loving character and do not tolerate closed spaces well.

If it is necessary to transport pigeons, it is recommended to accustom them to cages in advance, otherwise the birds may get sick. Need constant training.


Maikop fighting pigeons
Maikop birds are not impressive in size; the body is not too large, although it has a beautiful, fit shape. The head is neat, small in size. The plumage is most often smooth and has a characteristic shine. The color is usually monochromatic, although bicolor representatives of the breed are occasionally found.

The flight of Maikop pigeons is swift and rhythmic. They enter the pillar smoothly and exit abruptly, with a loud bang.


This breed appeared almost a century ago, and is not particularly beautiful. They bred her for one purpose - to hatch chicks. Pigeons of the Blagodarny breed are not too large, with a large crest on the head.

A notable feature is that the forelock can be located on any part (above the beak, in the crown area). The coloring is quite sparse, most often red, with white spots. Rarely, black birds are also found; they are considered the most expensive of the breed.

Blagodarny birds are capable of all sorts of tricks in the air, although they are not valued for their flight qualities. Collectors are more attracted to the external characteristics of pigeons. They are also distinguished by their calm disposition, friendly attitude towards people, and unpretentiousness to living conditions.


These birds are among the five most expensive breeds. There are at least a hundred subspecies of tumblers, each of which has its own characteristics. A common feature for all representatives of the breed is the uniqueness of summer, inaccessible to other birds of the fighting family.

Tumblers are distinguished by their small body size. The eyes are most often dark, the eyelids are light. The beak is tiny, straight, reminiscent of a grain of wheat. The limbs are short, widely spaced, the tail is slightly fluffed. Some tumblers have a clearly visible lush crest, although there are also birds without wings.

The originality of the flight of tumblers lies in a special technique reminiscent of the movement of a wheel. At the same time, the birds manage to do somersaults, turning over their heads or wings. Although all tumblers are capable of staying in the air for a long time, not all of them perform unique tricks.

North Caucasian cosmach

This breed is also considered ancient, although over many centuries the birds have lost their primary flight qualities. Now breeders are working to restore the lost characteristics.

Birds of this breed are large, with long legs. The head, despite its small size, has a crest. Depending on the subspecies, pigeons can have different plumage colors. There are coffee, white, black, gray or even marbled birds. Distinctive features of the breed are the tail feathers, head and undertail of a light color.

Cosmachi fly for quite a long time, at least five hours. They fly quickly and easily get into a stance. Capable of doing up to ten somersaults, accompanying them with combat.

Kosmachi are considered the longest-livers among all breeds of fighting pigeons. Some individuals can live up to 30 years. The breed is prone to diseases, so when purchasing a Kosmach it is recommended to quarantine it (house it separately for 3-4 weeks).

Photo gallery

We invite you to look at several photos of these beautiful and unusual birds in our photo gallery.

Photo 1. Turkish tumblers in an enclosure

Photo 2. Krasnodar beautiful pigeon

Photo 3. A flock of Baku birds in the poultry house

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